Helicobacter pylori and its diagnosis: as easy as breathing!

helicobacter pylori, breath test, breath test, screening, stomach cancerL'Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium belonging to the bacilli family. Its discovery is not recent; it was in Turin that a university pathologist, Giulio Bizzozero, isolated the characteristic spiral-shaped bacteria in the stomachs of dogs in 1892. The discovery went almost unnoticed at the time; it had to wait almost a century before people returned to talk with some interest about theHelicobacter pylori, thanks to two Australian scientists, Robin Warren and Barry Marshall, who isolated the bacterium again in 1983, winning for their "rediscovery" the nobel prize in medicine 2005.

Helicobacter pylori: why is diagnosis important? 

Since 1989,Helicobacter pylori has been recognized as a major cause of stomach inflammation that can lead to the appearance of gastric and duodenal ulcers and a form of chronic gastritis that, today, is considered a precancerous lesion, as in a small but concrete percentage of cases it can give rise to stomach cancer.

The human body usually comes into contact with Helicobacter around 5 or 6 years of age; our immune system is unable to react against it, so the bacterium colonizes the gastric mucosa, where it usually remains for a very long time, often for a lifetime. It is not yet known how the bacterium is transmitted from human to human; it seems most likely that transmission occurs within family groups, especially between children and from parents to children. There is currently no vaccine against it.

What are the consequences of Helicobacter pylori infection?

The inflammation produced by the bacterium can be localized to certain areas of the stomach (especially in the antrum in the body of the stomach) or be widespread. Individuals with inflammation localized predominantly in the gastric antrum are more likely to develop a gastric ulcer, while those with a Inflammation localized mainly in the gastric body or spread to the whole stomach will more easily develop a chronic atrophic gastritis, a precancerous lesion that in its progression can result in stomach cancer. In fact, Helicobacter pylori was the first bacterium officially recognized as a cause of cancer, in just under 1% of the population infected by it. Helicobacter, in addition, can .helicobacter pylori, breath test, breath test, screening, stomach cancer, CDC be the cause of iron deficiency anemia.
According to the U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention, theH. pylori infects about 2/3 of the world's population.

Helicobacter infection can be completely asymptomatic, especially in children. In adults, it can result in gastric and duodenal ulcers, and stomach cancers, both adenocarcinomas and non-Hodgkin's lymphomas.
Signs of possible Helicobacter pylori infection are:
- onset of dull aching or burning pain between the sternum and umbilicus, which may last from a few minutes to several hours and may be relieved by the use of antacids (which, however, DO NOT cure the infection).
- Meteorism, abdominal bloating, postprandial nausea and/or vomiting
- chronic iron deficiency anemia

Helicobacter pylori: diagnosis and treatment

There are many ways to diagnose Helicobacter infection, but the quickest and absolutely noninvasive is the breath test or breath test. This is a test whose specificity and sensitivity are very high (both close to 100%), so it can diagnose virtually all cases of Helicobacter infection.

Once the bacterial infection is diagnosed, treatment is simple and consists of taking particular antibacterial agents.
Typically, therapy involves a few specific steps:
1) the initial intake of a combination of antibacterial agents, which has been shown to be effective in eradicating Helicobacter in a high percentage of cases;
2) the performance, after a while, of a new breath test, to verify that the infection has indeed been controlled;
3) if the test is positive, due to the fact that there are strains of Helicobacter that have developed resistance to the drugs used for the first line of therapy, a second level of therapy is administered, with different drugs.


Our screening test for Helicobacter pylori

Why take the risk. Helicobacter infection is widespread and can cause serious illnesses that, if they progress, can be life-threatening; moreover, if you carry the infection, you may pass it on to your loved ones.

For this reason, we decided to offer our patients a screening program with the breath test, or breath test, at an extremely competitive cost. The test is absolutely noninvasive, simple and quick to perform; and, if positive, it allows for the most appropriate therapy to be instituted quickly to eradicate the bacteria.

Book your breath test with our doctors now. With us, eradicating Helicobacter pylori is as easy as breathing!